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Robby van Eetvelde
Junior Fellow (10/2012 – 04/2013)

The Sipo-SD in Occupied Belgium: One Country, Two policies? A Comparison between the Activity of the German Police and the Biographies of its Perpetrators in Antwerp and Liège


EetveldeIn occupied Belgium, the Sicherheitspolizei und Sicherheitsdienst (Sipo-SD), the SS police better known under the name of its executive branch, the Gestapo, was confronted with important internal differences regarding collaboration, resistance activity and distribution of Jewish population between the Dutch-speaking (Flanders) and French-speaking parts (Wallonia). By comparing the activity of the Sipo-SD in Antwerp in Flanders, which housed forty-five percent of the Jewish population in the country, and Liège in Wallonia, hotbed of resistance activity, the adaptability of the SS police to local circumstances and its dependency on local collaborators and on the assistance of other Belgian or German institutions will be discerned. Based on the post-war trials against the German officers and their Belgian collaborators, the following elements are being compared: the institutional development, the biographies of the main perpetrators, and their tactics of persecution and repression.


Robby Van Eetvelde,MA in History from Ghent University (Belgium); 2005 – 2009 affiliated with the Department of Contemporary History of Ghent University (Belgium); 2009 – 2012 PhD Candidate at the Department of Politics, History and International Relations at Loughborough University (UK). His dissertation topic is the activity of the Sipo-SD in occupied Belgium.

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