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The Vienna Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies (VWI) organises academic events in order to provide the broader public as well as an expert audience with regular insights into the most recent research results in the fields of Holocaust, genocide, and racism research. These events, some of which extend beyond academia in the stricter sense, take on different formats ranging from small lectures to the larger Simon Wiesenthal Lectures and from workshops addressing an expert audience to larger international conferences and the Simon Wiesenthal Conferences. This reflects the institute’s wide range of activities.

 

The range of events further extends to the presentation of selected new publications on the institute’s topics of interest, interventions in the public space, the film series VWI Visuals, and the fellows’ expert colloquia.

 

 

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VWI invites/goes to...
Lindsay MacNeill: Policing Politics in Austria 1918-1955: The Case of Heinrich B.
   

Wednesday, 11. May 2016, 16:00 - 17:30

Institut für Zeitgeschichte der Universität Wien, Seminarraum 2, Spitalgasse 2–4, Hof 1, 1090 Wien

 

VWI goes to the University of Vienna

Across Europe the police played a prominent role in the Nazi system and the Holocaust. To help explain this, historians often point to interwar police forces as institutions filled with men who later collaborated with the Nazi police state because of their personal belief systems. This is particularly the case for Austria, where the pre-Anschluss activities of the Austrian Nazi Party add weight to these assertions. Furthermore, much of the existing scholarship that examines the role of Austrians in the Nazi police state has focused on men like Adolf Eichmann, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Odilo Globocnik, and Franz Stangl, solidifying our image of a thoroughly Nazified Austrian police force. However, these men, with the exception of Stangl, who served as a low-level officer in the 1930s, had no pre-Anschluss affiliation with the Austrian police. Therefore, their activities ultimately reveal very little about the relationship between the Austrian police and the Nazi system.

MacNeill IllustrationKLEINThis paper expands our scope to better reflect the nature of Austrian policing, looking not just at the Nazi era but taking the long view from 1918 to 1955. Using the case of Heinrich B., this paper challenges the view that the Austrian police should be understood only as a collection of secret Nazis who collaborated with the Nazi police state because of ideological affinity. I argue that attitudes and practices embedded in the organizational culture of the Austrian police before 1938 contributed to its incorporation into the Nazi police state.

As a young man in the 1920s, Heinrich B. began his policing career in the internationally respected Austrian police force headed by Police President Johann Schober. Under the Dollfuss and Schuschnigg regimes in the 1930s, Heinrich B. dealt with anti-subversive activities and cooperated closely with American efforts to police communism. These experiences ultimately facilitated his transfer first to the Viennese Gestapostelle and later to Prague's. After the war, he was tried for his participation in the Nazi state. This paper will use Heinrich B's career trajectory to discuss the course of Austrian policing from 1918 to 1955 and help to illuminate our understanding of the Austrian police.

Commented by Florian Wenninger

Lindsay MacNeill is a Junior Fellow at the Vienna Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies. She is a PhD candidate in history at American University, where she received her MA. She has a BA from the University of North Carolina and works as a researcher at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Florian Wenninger is a Postdoc at the Institute for Contemporary History, Vienna University. Yet, he focused on the political history of interwar Austria and its impact on political identity after 1945. His habilitation project aims to compare mutual perceptions of police forces and societies in Central Europe and the US throughout the twentieth century.

Click here to download the invitation as a PDF file.

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